I started working in human rights in 2007. Back then it seemed like nothing was easy and the space for human rights was shrinking. Now, 14 years later, that time doesn’t look so bad. . .

Anonymous Russian human rights defender

Download Crisis Point in Russia

For more than a decade, the Russian authorities have engaged in a methodical and draconian campaign to stamp out independent civil society in the country. Human rights defenders and organisations seeking to address human rights violations committed in Russia have faced some of the harshest attacks in this campaign. In Russia, and across the region, human rights defenders and organisations campaigning for free and fair elections, women’s rights, and the rights of religious, ethnic, sexual, and gender minorities, as well as those fighting corruption and environmental degradation, face the greatest threat from the authorities.  Indeed, it has never been more difficult or dangerous for human rights defenders and organisations to operate in the Russian Federation.

At the same time, the international community can see Russian human rights trends spilling – or being exported by the authorities – beyond Russia’ borders. In our 2021 Protecting Defenders report we highlighted Russian influence across the region which impedes democratic transitions and partly supports an anti-human rights and anti-civil society agenda through governments and non-State actors including the Orthodox Church and radical far-right groups.

“Crisis Point in Russia” is based on the findings from qualitative and quantitative surveys commissioned by Human Rights House Foundation (HRHF) and conducted in July and August 2021.

This report is only possible through the trust placed in us by human rights defenders across Russia. Their fearlessness and bravery in the face of serious threats is inspiring. We thank them for their willingness to share their experiences, perspectives, and recommendations, all of which we have sought to reflect in this report.

Human Rights House Foundation also offers our sincere thanks to our donors. Our work to protect, and promote human rights defenders and organisations would not be possible without their generous support.