Rasul Jafarov and Maria Dahle, in Baku in October 2013 (© HRHF)Following his interrogation at the Office of the Prosecutor General of the Republic of Azerbaijan, the human rights defender Rasul Jafarov was arrested on Saturday, 2 August 2014, and Leyla Yunus is also facing similar charges as those held against Rasul Jafarov.
On 26 May 2014, Anar Mammadli and Bashir Suleymanli were sentenced to respectively 5 years and 6 months imprisonment and 3 years and 6 months on the same charges as those held against Rasul Jafarov.
“We know that the charges against those brave human rights defenders are politically motivated. The authorities want to silence those holding the country to its international obligations and commitments, including within the Council of Europe” said Maria Dahle, HRHF’s Executive Director.
The right to freedom of association is at the heart of the charges held against human rights defenders. Indeed, their right to work to defend human rights is facing restrictions. The refusal of registration of NGOs is one kind of restriction, such as in the case of the Election Monitoring and Democracy Studies Centre, lead by of Anar Mammadli and Bashir Suleymanli. The refusal to register grants received by NGOs in many cases, including Rasul Jafarov’s NGO, is another restriction, in contradiction with the United Nations Human Rights Council resolution 22/6 of 21 March 2013. As a result of the control the government wishes to exercise over all NGOs in the country many NGOs are under investigation and can face similar charges, depending upon their willingness to find agreements with the government, including agreements on their work and their public statements.
For over 3 years, the Human Rights House Azerbaijan had to cease all activities due to an order from the Ministry of Justice because HRHF refuses to agree with the government on our activities and findings, although the organisation is still registered.
Rasul Jafarov with singer Loreen, winner of the Eurovision 2012 held in Baku
Background: Robert Hårdh (Civil Rights Defenders) and Maria Dahle (HRHF) Political prisoners in Azerbaijan
Within a few weeks, 4 human rights defenders have to be added to the list: Anar Mammadli and Bashir Suleymanli, Leyla Yunus and Rasul Jafarov. In addition to the 8 N!DA activists sentenced in May 2014, on Friday, 4 July 2014, another N!DA activist Ömar Mammadov was sentenced to five years imprisonment on charges of drug possession with the aim of selling it. Journalists such as Rauf Mirkadirov or Hilal Mammadov and political activists Ilgar Mammadov and Tofiq Yaqublu also remain on the growing list.
Charges against journalists, activists and human rights defenders have changed overtime in Azerbaijan. They used to face charges of hooliganism in the worst cases, but are now facing heavier criminal charges such as drug possession or drug abuse, weapon possession and most recently charges directly in relation to their work in the cases of Mammadli and Bashir Suleymanli, Leyla Yunus and Rasul Jafarov. This leads to higher sentences than before.
Leyla Yunus and Rasul Jafarov were both documenting cases of politically motivated detentions and were also documenting breaches in the right to fair trials in Azerbaijan. “The arrest of those two human rights defenders shows that instructions in these cases come from the highest level of government, because no critical voice shall be heard” said Maria Dahle.
About Rasul Jafarov
Rasul Jafarov is a well-known and widely respected human rights defender in Azerbaijan. After working with various human rights NGOs in Azerbaijan, he launched the Human Rights Club. The aim of the group was to raise awareness and reach out to young people in Azerbaijan. To this end, Rasul Jafarov along with other activists and human rights defenders in Azerbaijan coordinated the campaign “Sing for Democracy” in relation to the Eurovision which was held in Baku in May 2012. He later joined the NGO Legal Protection and Awareness Society, of which he is the chairman.
HRHF invited Rasul Jafarov for his first trip abroad to advocate in favour of human rights in Azerbaijan. He participated in Geneva at the 96th session of the United Nations Human Rights Committee, which reviewed Azerbaijan in July 2009. He later also participated at the review of Azerbaijan at the 43rd session of the United Nations Committee against Torture in Geneva in November 2009.
Rasul Jafarov has since continuously worked to favour the implementation by the state of its obligations under international human rights law. “We remember how inspired Rasul Jafarov was by the interest shown by the members of the committees to the situation in Azerbaijan. He truly believed a difference could be made and was encouraged by those members to continue his work” recalled Maria Dahle.
Rasul Jafarov with (from left to right): Robert Hårdh (Civil Rights Defenders), Emin Huseynov (IRFS), Shahla Ismayil (Women’s Association for Rational Development & HRH Azerbaijan), singer Loreen (winner of the Eurovision 2012 held in Baku), and Maria Dahle (HRHF)
- Rasul Jafarov court decision (pre-trial detention)
- Azerbaijan authorities detain Leyla Yunus and Arif Yunus
- Politically motivated detentions must stop in Azerbaijan
- Anar Mammadli and Bashir Suleymanli must be released
HRHN joint letter to President Ilham Aliyev
64 NGOs from 13 Human Rights Houses call upon the Azerbaijani authorities, in a joint letter to President Ilham Aliyev on 5 August 2014, to immediately and unconditionally release Leyla Yunus, Arif Yunus, Rasul Jafarov, and lift all charges held against them. We see this pre-trial detention of Leyla Yunus, Arif Yunus and Rasul Jafarov as a way to silence them. We also repeat our previous call to release Anar Mammadli and Bashir Suleymanli, and join calls for the release of Hasan Huseynli.
“Mockery of democratic aspirations” in Azerbaijan
Isabel Santos (MP, Portugal)The Chair of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly’s Committee on Democracy, Human Rights and Humanitarian Questions Isabel Santos, deplored the intensifying crackdown on civil society in Azerbaijan and called on authorities to quickly reverse the trend:
“With this latest round of attacks on the country’s civil society, Azerbaijan is making a mockery of its stated aspirations to become a modern, democratic state. I am shocked by developments that have occurred in the last several days alone – namely, the barring of human rights activist Rasul Jafarov from leaving the country and the clearly politicized charges against Leyla Yunus and her husband,” said Isabel Santos in a statement on 1 August 2014, the day before Rasul Jafarov was arrested.