Zana was sentenced to imprisonment by a Turkish Court in Diyarbakir, a city regarded as the capital of the Kurds.
Leyla Zana has appealed the verdict.
This article is based on a press release of 29 July issued by the EU Turkey Civic Commission-EUTCC.
Demand of Kurdish people for freedom
In May 2009 Leyla Zana was invited to speak at the Oslo Freedom Forum in Norway together with other former prisoners of consciousness such as Elie Wiesel, Palden Gyatso, Elena Bonner, and Václav Havel. Zana ended her speech by saying:
– The explosion of social awareness despite bans and prohibitions gives an excitement that the demand of Kurdish people for freedom is transforming both the Turkish people and the people in Turkey as a whole, with a positive interaction. The same results, courage and organized thoughts are also forcing a change in the laws, because now in Turkey, both the people are forcing the laws and the laws are forcing the people. From this vicious circle, only the people can come out as winners, and they must.
Strong advocate for democracy in Turkey
Despite Leyla Zana’s personal sufferings and losses during her 10 years of imprisonment (1994-2004), she remains a strong advocate for democracy and claims that it can only be secured by a non-violent political solution.
In order to become a member of the European Union Turkey has to take considerable and positive steps towards a political and durable peaceful solution to the Kurdish question. In that regard the decision of the Diyarbakir Court is as shocking and unacceptable as it is inequitable.
The Rafto Foundation hereby calls on the European Union and the international community to take political action and strongly condemn Turkey for having sentenced Leyla Zana to 15 months of imprisonment.
Leyla Zana – short background
Leyla Zana was the first Kurdish woman to win a seat in the Turkish Parliament in 1991. Her decision to give the Parliamentary Oath in Kurdish led to immediate calls for her arrest. This was the first time Kurdish had been spoken in the Turkish Parliament. She was sentenced to 15 years in prison but was released in 2004 due to international pressure.
While in jail, Zana published Writings from Prison detailing her cause and the hardship she faced fighting for the Kurdish people. Zana received the Rafto Prize in 1994 and the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought in 1995. She has been nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize several times.
EUTCC – background
The Rafto Foundation, together with three other organisations, established the EUTCC in 2004. Since 2004 the EUTCC has held an annual conference in the European Parliament. One of its most important tasks is to monitor Turkish compliance with the EU accession criteria. The last EUTCC’s conference on the topic Time for change in Turkey was organised in January 2009. By these conferences the EUTCC also wishes to contribute to a democratic, peaceful and lasting solution of the Kurdish problem. It believes that this can only be achieved through a dialogue between the parties concerned, in which also the EU must play its part.
For further information on Leyla Zana’s case you may contact Kariane Westrheim, member of the Rafto Prize Committee and the chair of the EUTCC, phone: 47 976 42 088