Belarus: 4 out of 10 candidates for presidential elections are in custody

Four candidates for presidential elections in the Republic of Belarus in 2010 – Aliaksei Mikhalevich, Uladzimir Niakliayeu (right), Andrei Sannikov and Mikalai Statkevich – are still in custody along with campaign leaders, relatives and party leaders and activists, Human Rights Center Viasna, partner of the Norwegian Helsinki Committee, reports. Several of the prisoners have been severely beaten and in need of medical attention which they are denied.

Human Rights Center Viasna monitors the criminal cases that were instigated in after the violent dispersal of the protest action against the falsification of the result of the presidential election.

At present Viasna informs that 25 people are suspects in the criminal case on mass riot, but the Belarusian NGO warns the information may be incomplete. 23 of them are in custody. Among the suspects there are as many as 7 out of 10 candidates for the presidential election.

Among the suspects are the award-winning journalist Iryna Khalip wife of the candidate Andrei Sannikov (left), and Nathalia Radzina (left), editor of the web-page www.charter97.org.

List of all accused so far
Accused in the criminal case upon Article 293, parts 1 and 2 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Belarus, ‘mass riot’.

1. Aliaksandr Arastovich – M.Statkevich’s electioneering agent (in custody)
2. Aliaksandr Atroshchankau – press-secretary of the electoral team of Andrei Sannikau (in custody)
3. Dzmitry Bandarenka – a coordinator of the civil campaign European Belarus (in custody)
4. Artyom Breus – a citizen of the Russian Federation, was released from jail on 29 December together with other Russian citizens, was detained in half an hour within the framework of the criminal case (is kept in custody) – charges were given to him on 5 January
5. Andrei Dzmitryieu – the head of the electoral headquarters of Uladzimir Niakliayeu (gave a written undertaking not to leave)
6. Aliaksandr Fiaduta – intellectual, political scientist, a coordinator of the electoral team of Uladzimir Niakliayeu (in custody)
7. Ivan Gaponov – a citizen of the Russian Federation, released from jail together with other Russian citizens on 29 December and re-detained the same day (is kept in custody). Charges were given to him on 5 January.
8. Iryna Khalip – journalist, wife of Andrei Sannikau (in custody)
9. Aliaksandr Klaskouski – former policeman (in custody)
10. Uladzimir Kobets – the head of the electoral team of Andrei Sannikau (in custody)
11. Aleh Korban – one of the leaders of the youth organization of the United Civil Party Young Democrats (in custody)
12. Mikita Likhavid – an activist of the For Freedom movement, the verdict for 15-day administrative arrest was abolished and he was made an accused in the case (in custody)
13. Anatol Liabedzka (right) – Chairperson of the United Civil Party (in custody)
14. Siarhei Martsaleu – the head of the electoral team of Mikalai Statkevich (in custody)
15. Aliaksei Mikhalevich – presidential candidate (in custody)
16. Dzmitry Novik – detained in the evening of 23 December in Baranavichy. A search was conducted at his home. Received charges upon Article 293, part 2 of the Criminal Code – participation in mass riot (in custody)
17. Uladzimir Niakliayeu – presidential candidate (in custody)
18. Nasta Palazhanka – Deputy Chairperson of the Young Front (in custody)
19. Anatol Paulau – eletioneering agent of Yaraslau Ramanchuk (in custody)
20. Natallia Radzina – journalist, editor of the website charter97.org (in custody)
21. Vital Rymasheuski (left) – presidential candidate (gave a written undertaking not to leave)
22. Andrei Sannikau – presidential candidate (in custody)
23. Pavel Seviarynets – electioneering agent of Vital Rymasheuski (in custody)
24. Mikalai Statkevich – presidential candidate (in custody)
25. Siarhei Vazniak – electioneering agent of Uladzimir Niakliayeu (in custody)

List of suspects
Suspects in the criminal case upon Article 293, parts 1 and 2 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Belarus, ‘mass riot’.

1. Anton Davydzenka – detained as a suspect in the criminal case after serving 10-day arrest (in custody)
2. Andrei Fedarkevich – participant of the 19 December action, the verdict for 10-day administrative arrest was abolished and he was made an accused in the case (in custody)
3. Usevalad Kavalenka – a possible suspect in the criminal case, served 15-day arrest (gave a written undertaking not to leave)
4. Ryhor Kastusiou (right) – presidential candidate (gave a written undertaking not to leave)
5. Siarhei Kliuyeu – was informed about his status as a suspect on 3 January, after serving 15-day arrest (gave a written undertaking not to leave)
6. Mikita Krasnou – his status as a suspect in the case was mentioned in the search warrant presented by KGB officers on 27 December (is abroad)
7. Uladzimir Loban – was informed about his status as a suspect on 29 December, after serving 10-day arrest (in custody)
8. Dzmitry Us – presidential candidate (gave a written undertaking not to leave)

Article 293, ‘mass riot’:
1. The organization of the mass riot which was accompanied with violence against people, demolition, arsons, defilement of property and armed resistance to representatives of the authority, – is punished by 5-15 years of imprisonment.

2. Participation in mass riot which manifested in the direct implementation of the actions that were mentioned in part 1 of the article, – is punished by 3-8 years of imprisonment.

List of criminal cases
Criminal case upon Article 339, part 3 of the Criminal Code, ‘hooliganism’

1. Dzmitry Dashkevich (below) – Chairperson of the Young Front
2. Eduard Lobau – activist of the Young Front

Both of them were detained on 18 December and are in the status of suspects.

Article 339, ‘hooliganism’:
1. Deliberate actions that grossly violate the public order and demonstrate an evident disrespect to the society, which are accompanied with the use of violence or the threat of its use or destruction or waste of property of other people, or are defined by an exceptional cynicism (hooliganism)

2. Hooliganism, committed repeatedly or by a group of persons or connected with resistance to a person that stops the hooligan actions, or accompanied with the infliction of a less hard bodily injuries (malignant hooliganism)

3. The actions that are provided by parts 1 and 2 of the article, committed with the use of weapons and other items that are used as a weapon for infliction of bodily injuries, with the use of explosives or explosive devices or are committed with the threat of their use, in the absence of the traits of a harder crime (especially malignant hooliganism) are punished with 3-10 years of imprisonment.

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